Apparently, you can! Colorado legislators are addressing this question right now.
What if you own a ranch with great wind potential and an energy company wants to erect some turbines to capture the power? Does the wind that blows through your land belong to you or to the company or to the public?
The current assumption is that the wind is yours and that if you sell your property, you still own the wind rights until you sell those too. There's currently a bill in the house to enforce that assumption that property ownership is separate from wind rights ownership.